Learning Digital Forensics

Digital evidence features in almost every aspect of modern criminal investigations. There is more interest in digital forensic science now than at any previous time in history. There are more students studying ‘digital forensic’ courses in the UK than ever before.

If you are new to digital forensics, our articles will help you gain foundation knowledge in all key areas of digital forensic analysis.

Hex viewer showing some highlighted bytes

There are two different methods for describing the order in which a sequence of bytes are stored in digital systems: Big Endian: places the most significant byte first (also known as network byte order) Little Endian: places the least significant byte first Etymology The term endian comes from the novel Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift. […]

Introduction to Number Systems

Understanding Number Systems Number systems use different number bases. A number base indicates how many different digits are available when using a particular numbering system. For example, decimal is number base 10, which means it uses ten digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9. Binary is number base 2, which […]

Image showing keyboard with the text Understanding Encoding

Introduction to Character Encoding Understanding how Character Encoding works is an essential part of understanding digital evidence. It is part of the common core of skills and knowledge. A character set is a collection of letters and symbols used in a writing system. For example, the ASCII character set covers letters and symbols for English […]

View of earth showing text 'Manual Timezone Identification'

Introduction to Time Zone Identification In a digital forensic examination, establishing which Time Zone the system had been set to should one of the first examination tasks.  If this information is not established at an early stage and taken into account, the validity of Date/Time evidence may be brought into question.  Not only is this […]